The capital of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Boston was founded by early European settlers and takes its name from the English town of Boston, Lincolnshire. The city has a population of over 650,000, which makes it the largest city by population in New England and the 23rd most populated city in the USA.
Boston has what has been described as a humid continental climate, with warm, rainy humid summers and cold, wet winters. Average summer temperatures frequently reach the high 20s and low 30s, and the average winter temperatures are several degrees below freezing. The hottest month is July, and the coldest is January.