Geneva is the second most largest city in Switzerland, with a suburban population of almost half a million. The city has long been a key centre of international diplomacy, and is home to the headquarters of many of the agencies of the United Nations and Red Cross. Geneva is also the world’s ninth most important financial centre.
The first historical mentions of Geneva date back to Roman records in 121 BC. Between the days of antiquity and the present day, Geneva has experienced a turbulent history, and many historic monuments and museums within the city document this. The city benefits from a mild climate, with temperatures in summer rarely exceeding 30 °C.